Iris on the national park battlefield could mark the razed black houses | Partner content: news
NEW ORLEANS (AP) — Nearly 60 years ago, a historic black community founded as a home for newly freed slaves was demolished to expand a national park commemorating the Battle of New Orleans and Civil War casualties . Today, park rangers and iris enthusiasts believe they may have found a botanical reminder – Louisiana irises and African lilies that villagers may have planted.
The dark purple iris and white and pink crinum lilies were first noticed last spring, nearly 60 years after the small community of Fazendeville was demolished to join the two sections of the national park. Part was the land where the Battle of New Orleans took place; the other was a national cemetery where approximately 7,300 Union soldiers and sailors are buried along with later U.S. servicemen.
“We may never know for sure” that the flowers were planted by locals, but it seems very likely, said Gary Salathe, who started a group to save native irises and was the first to plant them. notice on the battlefield.
The community, called “The Village” by the people who lived there, was founded around 1870 by Jean-Pierre Fazende, a grocer from a prominent family in the social class known as the Free People of Color, said Bill Hyland, the official historian of St. Bernard Parish, where the national park is located southeast of New Orleans along the Mississippi River.
Fazende wanted to provide housing for recently freed slaves. He therefore subdivided a strip of inherited land that was only wide enough for a single row of houses into 33 lots for a “freedmen’s colony”. The land eventually included 30 houses, a church, bars, a grocery store and a school that served as a dance hall at night.
“Like so many of his class, he understood that the transition from slavery to freedom would be a long and arduous process,” Hyland said.
For decades, families have lived and worked in the small community built where American forces defeated the mighty British army on January 8, 1815.
In the early 1960s, in an effort to unify the national park in time for the 150th anniversary of the battle in 1965, the park service attempted to purchase the land. The owners refused. Eventually Congress approved the expropriation and the community was demolished.
Homeowners were paid about $6,000 at a time when new homes in the area cost $16,000, according to a 2014 article in “64 Parishes” magazine published by the Louisiana Endowment for the Humanities. Later, the park service addressed the expropriation in an article on its website.
“The choice to preserve one story sacrificed another,” the park service said. “While we are able to better visualize the experience of soldiers in the War of 1812 as a result of this choice, it leaves us less able to appreciate the struggles and triumphs of future generations, and less aware of the complex layers that make up our common history.
In 2010, a Fazendeville memorial marker was erected near the battlefield road.
In February of last year, Salathe and other members of his Louisiana Iris Conservation Initiative were planting a small group of blue irises in another part of the park. Salathe, whose group seeks to save Louisiana iris from areas slated for development and plant them in visible locations in nature preserves and parks, noticed long, tall leaves growing in the grass a distance from the road. They looked like irises. A closer examination confirmed this. He and the park rangers returned a month later when the iris bloomed and had two surprises.
First, they were dark purple, not the more well-known blue iris which is the state flower. Then came a more surprising discovery – crinum lilies. Volunteer Paul Christiansen recognized them as a species from Africa, possibly brought by slaves, that could not have grown there in the wild.
“They should have been planted by people,” he said.
The group then found the slight depression where the road to Fazendeville once passed. The iris stands were all on the side where the houses once stood, ending roughly where the backyards would have ended, Salathe said.
Salathe said he asked permission to move some of the irises and lilies to an area where they can be more easily seen. The park is considering such an exhibit, said park ranger Kim Acker.
Copyright 2022 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed without permission.